Diabetes is a chronic metabolic condition marked by high blood glucose (or blood sugar) levels, which can cause catastrophic damage to the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves over time. In Kenya, two out of every five people are likely to develop type 2 diabetes, but early detection of the risk can help prevent future diabetes complications through proper nutrition and exercise. There are laboratory tests that can be used to determine if you have a future risk of having diabetes.
Test for Blood Sugar Levels
This test is used to determine how much glucose is present in your body. When fasting or after a meal, it can be measured. Glucose levels are measurements of the quantity of glucose in your body compared to the amount required at a given time. The ability of your body to process glucose is determined by whether the teat is done while fasting or after a meal. This test should be performed frequently. Order your glucometer on Afya Bora Afrika.
Glycated hemoglobin, also known as A1c or HbA1c, is created when glucose binds to hemoglobin. The more glucose there is in the blood, the more hemoglobin there is. Before being replaced, red cells last for 8 to 12 weeks. You can find out how high the glucose in your blood has been in the last 8 to 12 weeks by measuring HbA1c. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) strongly recommends this test. The HBA1c test is a greater predictor of the risk of complications than the fasting and PP blood sugar tests, making it a crucial predictor of the risk of problems.
Levels of adiponectin
Adiponectin is an anorexigenic peptide that improves whole-body insulin sensitivity and increases energy expenditure by stimulating glucose absorption in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. It is essential in the prevention of insulin resistance, diabetes, and atherosclerosis (the buildup of fats, cholesterol, or other substances on artery walls). Reduced adiponectin levels in humans are thought to play a key role in the development of type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cardiovascular disease. Low adiponectin levels are linked to future diabetes, gestational diabetes, and coronary artery disease.
Patients with low adiponectin levels are nine times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, three times more likely to develop metabolic syndrome, and two times more likely to develop coronary artery disease.
The HOMA Index
Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA) is a method of assessing B cell function & insulin resistance (IR) from fasting glucose and insulin or C peptide concentrations. It is an independent predictor of type 2 diabetes and a diagnostic criterion for insulin resistance. Insulin helps the uptake of glucose into muscles and other cells. Insulin resistance is indicated by a high HOMA Index.
If you need any of these tests, contact Afya Bora Afrika on https://www.afyaboraafrika.com/service-page/laboratory-services?referral=service_list_widget for prices and laboratory connectivity.