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Type 2 diabetes affects up to 95% of patients with diabetes. Millions of Africans are at risk, making this the most serious health issue of our time. Physical inactivity, bad diets, cigarette use, dangerous alcohol intake, being overweight or obese, rising age, and family history are all risk factors for Type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be substantially avoided by engaging in regular physical activity and eating a nutritious diet. Type 1 diabetes affects people of all ages, races, sizes, and shapes, but with the help of insulin therapy and other therapies, anyone may learn to manage their illness and live a long and healthy life. The Mirror of Diabetes and the Ladder to a Healthy Life include:

Risk assessment:

Diabetes is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas fails to make enough insulin, which regulates blood sugar, or when the body is unable to use the insulin that is produced. Type 1 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin production and requires daily insulin injections; type 2 diabetes is caused by the body's poor utilization of insulin. Gestational diabetes is a disorder that develops during pregnancy and increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. It's critical to get regular screenings if you come from a family with a high risk of diabetes.

You are at risk if;

1. You are 45 years old or older.

2. You have a diabetic parent, brother, or sibling.

3. You are obese or overweight.

4. You do not engage in any physical activity.

5. You have high blood pressure or take blood pressure medication.

6. You were diabetic during your pregnancy.

Early detection is crucial.

Diabetes must be detected early for patients' treatment and well-being to be maximized. Diabetic retinopathy, kidney failure, heart attacks, strokes, and lower-limb amputations are all common complications of diabetes. As a result, early detection is critical for patient treatment and well-being. Early identification is critical for managing Type-2 diabetes in children and adolescents aggressively from the start, employing all known ways to manage blood glucose and avoid, delay, or aggressively treat growing problems. Anyone who has been diagnosed with prediabetes should be examined at least once a year.


Many people believe that diabetes only affects the elderly, yet it affects people of all ages, including children, adolescents, teenagers, persons in their early twenties, and the elderly. According to studies from the University Of Colorado School Of Medicine, the ability to control or regulate sugar levels in young persons diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes reduces significantly over time; thus, a timely and accurate diagnosis is essential to avoid diabetes-related problems. Patients diagnosed with diabetes at a later stage of their disease have a high risk of developing serious complications and are at a high risk of mortality.


Diabetes can be controlled, but not cured. You must monitor your blood sugar daily, use insulin, and maintain a balanced diet. Families can provide social support by encouraging a family member with diabetes to take their medicine as prescribed, to attend follow-up appointments on time, and to live a healthy lifestyle that includes eating healthy foods and exercising regularly.

Assessment of complications

Heart disease, renal disease, diabetic foot, and vision issues are all complications of diabetes. Regular screening and monitoring are critical for preventing disease development and treating additional diabetes-related problems. According to findings published in the New England Journal of Medicine, people with Type-2 diabetes who were diagnosed when they were young have a high risk of developing complications related to the condition at a young age, so a complication assessment should be conducted to evaluate any risks and assist in providing a better solution.

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